Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a land-locked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. In 2047 it is divided between a Red Zone (in the north) and a Yellow Zone.
Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire – the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The conquistadors took control of the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was known as Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies, although the area enjoyed substantial autonomy under the jurisdiction of the Royal Court of Charcas. After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has struggled through periods of political instability and economic woes.
In the events of the Firestorm Conflict, a GDI force was dispatched to Bolivia to attack the Cultists' Temple of the Tacitus near the capital city, La Paz, in order to acquire part of the Tacitus kept there by the zealous temple guards. After the battle, Bolivia was divided with a Red Zone in the north and in the south, a Yellow Zone by 2042 due to natural disasters in the area.