Mali, officially the Republic of Mali, is a country located in Northern Africa. Mali is bordered by Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west.
Present-day Mali was once part of three West African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (for which Mali is named), and the Songhai Empire. During its golden age, there was a flourishing of mathematics, astronomy, literature, and art. At its peak in 1300, Mali covered an area about twice the size of modern-day France, and stretched to the west coast of Africa. In the late 19th century, during the Scramble for Africa, France seized control of Mali, making it a part of French Sudan. French Sudan (then known as the Sudanese Republic) joined with Senegal in 1959, achieving independence in 1960 as the Mali Federation. Shortly thereafter, following Senegal's withdrawal from the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itself the independent Republic of Mali. After a long period of one-party rule, a 1991 coup led to the writing of a new constitution and the establishment of Mali as a democratic, multi-party state.
Red Alert Universe
Mali helped the Allies to win several wars against the Soviet Union, Yuri and the Empire of the Rising Sun. When the fighting began between both the Allies and the Soviets in Africa, Mali was helped by Niger and Mauritania along with Burkina Faso, the Ivory Coast, Guinea and Senegal to fight off the Soviet forces coming from Algeria across the north-west of Africa.
In the First Tiberium War, the Brotherhood of Nod had just finished the Mao Civil War in Chad. The Nod army crossed through Mali in order to destroy many of GDI's important airfields in Africa. One of these was part of a mission to steal an Orca from one airfield without notice of the GDI High Command detecting the Nod presence during that war from 1999 to 2002. By the time of the Third Tiberium War's commencement, Mali joined the Brotherhood and was classified as a Yellow Zone, but by 2052, the country was under a Red Zone.