|For the Tiberian Dawn unit, see Medium tank (Tiberian Dawn).|
The Medium tank (a title applied to several different tanks of the various Allied nations) is a heavily armoured tracked battle vehicle, which forms the backbone of the Allies' armoured division in Second World War.
Its single 90mm main gun (the manual erroneously states that it is a 105mm gun) allows the Medium tank to be a match for enemy armour without sacrificing maneuverability. Due to its good speed, decent firepower, average rate of fire and tough armour the Medium tank became an incredibly successful tank.
Their deployment, which helped to alleviate the Allies' marked inferiority in armor, allegedly angered Stalin to the point where he rushed the Mammoth tank into production, culminating in that unit's somewhat imperfect self repair capabilities.
The Medium tank is considered by many to be the tank that won WWII, and its design carried over all the way to the late 1990's where tanks based on the Medium tank were used by GDI in the First Tiberium War.
The Medium tank has the same size and same number of hit points (armor) as the Soviet Heavy tank.
Despite the Heavy tank's advantage of two main guns, allowing it to produce almost twice as much raw firepower during initial contact as its Allied counterpart, the Medium tank however is faster, less expensive and quicker to build. In addition, the Medium Tank can use its relatively high speed and agility to dodge incoming projectiles sufficiently effectively and confuse their opponents under the hands of a competent commander.
The Medium tank's sole 90mm main gun fires faster than a single 105mm cannon of the Heavy tank, while inflicting the same damage per shot. In addition, the medium tank's single barrel is faster to reload than a heavy tank's double barrel, giving it a faster cool down time. The Soviet Heavy Tank still possesses an advantage in firepower as it is armed with two 105mm guns, but it does not have twice the sustained damage output as the Medium Tank; a Medium tank can fire 7 shots in the same time that it takes a heavy tank to fire 10 shots (5 salvos).
Compared to the Allies' other tank, the Light tank, the Medium tank is slightly slower and has a lower sustained damage output, but it is still more than agile enough for a heavily armoured vehicle. And thanks to its superior armour, it is far more resilient. For instance, it can survive a hit from a Tesla Coil while a Light tank would be destroyed. These traits make the tank a very popular choice among Allied commanders. Allied commanders often use Medium tanks to draw fire away from Light tanks, which allows Light tanks to last longer in combat and better exploit their higher rate of damage.
In the years following the Second World War, the aging Allied medium tanks were replaced with more modern and powerful tanks, such as the M1A1 Abrams medium tank which became the main battle tank of the Global Defense Initiative in the First Tiberium War.
Red Alert Universe
After the Second World War, the Allied nations gradually standardized much of their equipment, and the various medium tanks were eventually replaced by the Grizzly battle tank as the Allies' main battle tank shortly before the start of the Third World War.
Behind the scenes
- The rules.ini file labels the Medium tank's weapon as it as a "90mm", although the game manual states that the Medium tank has a 105mm main gun. The game manual text was probably originally intended to be a 90mm tank but changed later to a 105mm (without changing the original rules.ini entry). The default unedited stats for the 90mm actually make it a better weapon than the 105mm, as the 90mm deals the same damage at equal range, but fires considerably faster. The Soviet Heavy Tank still possesses an advantage in firepower as it is armed with two 105mm guns, but it does not have twice the damage output as the Medium Tank.
- The Medium tank is portrayed by the M1 Abrams main battle tank (the original 105mm version) in cut scenes, which entered service starting in 1980, entering the last decade of the Cold War. However, the M1 Abrams has a much larger turret than the in-game sprite of the Medium tank. Also, the M1 Abrams is among the largest and heaviest of the main battle tanks of its era.
- The Medium tank's in-game sprite may have been based upon a Leopard 1 or an M60 Patton (both with 105mm guns), a M48 Patton which is armed with a 90mm gun and later upgraded to 105mm gun, or as a Centurion tank which was armed with an 84mm gun but later upgraded to a 105mm cannon. The M48 and Centurion were both in service shortly after World War Two and would fit much better into the older time period with the (propeller-driven) Yak attack plane. However the game also features vehicles from the 1980s such as Apache Longbow helicopter gunships, to which the M60 would have been more appropriate.
- Despite the different cut scene renders, the Allied medium tank, Soviet heavy tank, and GDI medium tank all use the same hull sprite in-game, but with different turret sprites.
- Although the Medium tank in the cut scenes (based on the M1 Abrams) has 3 machine guns for anti-personnel use, there aren't any present in-game possibly for balancing purposes.
- The "Red Alert Moscow Assault" involving the Medium tank appears to be based upon the scene in GoldenEye, the seventeenth entry of the James Bond film series. Like in the film, the tank is shown crashing through a wall and then crushing a civillian car.
- The terms "medium tank" and "heavy tank" were used mainly in World War II and phased out during the Cold War. The medium tank evolved into the main battle tank, which sought to combine the medium tank's successful balance of firepower, mobility, protection, and endurance, with technological advances (i.e. propulsion) that allowed main battle tanks to carry the armament and protection of heavy tanks.
- Heavier cousin of the light tank due to it has greater firepower and armor than the light tank.
- Good against vehicles and buildings.
- Cheaper and faster than a heavy tank
- Can crush infantry.
- Powerful in numbers.
- Heavy Armour. Able to withstand some heavy punishment.
- Decent Firepower.
- Great agility for a heavily armored vehicle that can be a natural weapon against slow and heavy moving vehicles tactically.
- Can survive a hit from a tesla coil.
- The allies strongest tank due to the other tanks are less armored and firepower.
- Gun is ineffective against infantry, although medium tanks are effective at running over infantry
- Vulnerable to aircraft
- Only 70% of the firepower of the heavy tank, so a medium tank would lose in a one-on-one duel.
- Does not fare well against Mammoth tank one-on-one, but swarming one in small numbers while constantly moving works to a rather large degree.
- Slower than the light tank and lower rate of fire compared to the light tank.