Peru (Spanish: Perú, Quechua: Piruw, Aymara: Piruw), officially the Republic of Peru (Spanish: República del Perú (help·info), IPA: [re'pu.βli.ka del pe'ɾu]), is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.
Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the country in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.
During the First Tiberium War, while technically a GDI member state, a Nod Base was located in Peru in their mountain range. This was where Doctors Ignatio Mobius, Sydney Mobius, and Elena Petrova were initially sent to shortly after their capture by the Black Hand. A GDI armoured column was sent in, along with the Dead 6 operative Nick Parker, to liberate the scientists, however, Nod managed to evacuate them just minutes before the Commando could arrive on-site.